Sensitivity Data: Hukou Style of and you may Hukou Locality

Sensitivity Data: Hukou Style of and you may Hukou Locality

As migrant spouses’ education increases from high school to some college or above, the increase in their likelihood of hukou locality intermarriage is similar between Shanghai and Shenzhen. When migrant spouses’ education changes from high school to some college or above, their odds of hukou locality intermarriage increase by 159% and 110% in Shanghai and Shenzhen, respectively, and the difference between Shanghai and Shenzhen is not statistically significant (Shanghai: ? = 0.95, exp(?) = 2.59,p 0.05). In contrast, as migrant spouses’ education changes from less than high school to high school, their odds of intermarriage increase significantly in Shenzhen (? = 0.02 + 1.81 = 1.83,p 0.05), and the difference is highly significant (dif.: ? = 1.81,p < 0.001).

Which matchmaking is especially strong for the Shenzhen

Full, also supporting proof of a good dyadic change, especially in Shenzhen, i plus see supportive evidence to have market change, given that migrants may wed a region lover (i.e., in order to create hukou intermarriage) as his or her education develops. The outcomes highly recommend a higher odds of hukou locality-training replace for low-college-experienced migrants for the Shenzhen than in Shanghai, however, a similar likelihood of hukou area-studies change on täyden palvelun Romania-treffit these a couple towns and cities to have school-experienced migrants, which aids Hypothesis 3 the straight down odds of hukou locality-studies change during the Shanghai, compared to Shenzhen, keeps for non-college-knowledgeable migrants but not having university-knowledgeable migrants.

According to Model 5 off Table dos and you may Shape 2 , regional spouses’ education isn’t of their log-probability of hukou locality intermarriage, and that relationship cannot disagree among them towns

So far, i’ve believed just intermarriage between residents and you may migrants, versus identifying anywhere between a few hukou products. Within our try, locals was mainly metropolitan hukou proprietors whereas migrants generally hold rural hukou in both cities. Particularly, during the Shanghai, on the 85% out of residents but just about 20% off migrants has urban hukou. Inside Shenzhen, all natives hold metropolitan hukou, however, just about thirty five% of migrants is metropolitan hukou owners. New scientific differences out-of hukou method of between natives and you can migrants means a likelihood of hukou types of replace within this inter-hukou-locality ine if hukou types of impacts our results.

Basic, i evaluate the shipping out of hukou method of among intermarriages out of hukou locality. Just like the found when you look at the Shape A1, over 50 % of brand new people in which several spouses disagree from inside the hukou locality function homogamy with respect to hukou type of. This is exactly in line with past findings that most Chinese elizabeth hukou style of (Li & Lu, 2008; Wang & He, 2014). An effective gender asymmetric development from hukou interong people involving a beneficial migrant partner and you will a neighborhood spouse, just 11% is outlying-husband-urban-partner lovers while 86% are urban-husband-urban-partner partners. Alternatively, among lovers where husband is actually a great Shanghai regional resident and also the partner is actually a good migrant, 45% try metropolitan-husband-rural-wife people. This basically means, when female that have Shanghai hukou wed migrants, they have a tendency so you can marry urban migrants, while dudes having Shanghai hukou just who marry migrant female tend to get married rural migrants. Inside Shenzhen, which gender pattern was quicker obvious: 26% regarding migrant-husband-local-spouse couples possess an urban spouse and you will an outlying partner, while twelve% from regional-husband-migrant-partner lovers include an urban husband and a rural spouse. These results recommend that inside Shanghai matrimony market, each other hukou locality and you can hukou type structure intermarriage designs, in Shenzhen hukou form of seems less extremely important. They next supporting our findings regarding the hukou barrier being healthier within the Shanghai compared to Shenzhen.

Second, we did a sensitivity analysis by excluding couples in which two spouses differ in both hukou locality and hukou type. In this way, intermarriages that cross hukou locality do not include any couples that might also engage in status exchange in terms of hukou type. The results (available upon request) are substantively the same. Hukou locality homogamy remains more pronounced in Shanghai than in Shenzhen (? Shenzhen*hukou homogamy =?0.42, p shenzhen*(migrants: high school vs. less than high school) 1.11, p