Connection break up: An experimental design to review effects of stress on anxiety (-like) periods

Connection break up: An experimental design to review effects of stress on anxiety (-like) periods

The occurrence of a stressful event is considered to increase the risk of developing depression. In the present study we explore whether the breakup of a romantic relationship can be used as an experimental model to study a depression-like state during a period of stress in individuals without a psychiatric disorder. The primary aim of our study was to investigate: 1) whether individuals with a recent romantic relationship breakup (‘‘heartbreak”) demonstrate symptoms of depression, 2) how to describe heartbreak characteristics based on data from a comprehensive questionnaire battery, and 3) whether this description can capture severity of depression symptoms. Secondary, we were interested in gender differences with regard to the above study objectives. Subjects who have experienced a relationship breakup in the preceding six months (N = 71) or are in a romantic relationship (N = 46) participated in our study. A questionnaire battery was administered to acquire information related to depression, mood, the breakup and (former) relationship. Principal Component Analysis with Procrustes bootstrapping was performed to extract components from the questionnaire data. Even though our sample of individuals who recently have experienced a relationship breakup can be on average considered non-depressed, group-level depression scores were elevated compared to individuals in a relationship (p = .001) and 26.8% reported symptoms corresponding to mild, moderate or severe depression. We described heartbreak by two principal components interpreted as ‘‘sudden loss” and ‘‘lack of positive affect”, respectively. Highly significant correlations between the component scores and depression scores were found (p < .001 and p < .001, respectively), although these correlations differed between the genders. Based on these findings, we propose that the experience of a romantic relationship breakup is a viable experimental model to examine symptoms of depression in individuals without a psychiatric disorder. This way, stress-related coping and depression vulnerability can be studied in further research.

Citation: Verhallen In the morning, Renken RJ, ) Romantic relationship breakup: A fresh model to analyze negative effects of strain on depression (-like) periods. PLoS You to definitely fourteen(5): e0217320.

Copyright: © 2019 Verhallen ainsi que al. This can be an unbarred accessibility blog post marketed under the regards to the fresh new Imaginative Commons Attribution Licenses, and this permits unrestricted explore, distribution, and you will reproduction in every average, given the original blogger and you will resource is credited.

Connection break up: A fresh model to learn ramifications of stress on anxiety (-like) attacks

Studies Accessibility: The knowledge will never be stored on a community databases owed so you’re able to limitations on the told agree (subjects have not provided say yes to possess the research publicly held) and you may Western european investigation privacy guidelines (GDPR). The information and knowledge are available with the consult. A data availability panel has been put in place, including Prof Grams.J. ter Horst (Dominating Investigator of data), J.B.C. Marsman and you may Prof An effective. Aleman (lead of your own Intellectual Neuroscience Cardio), that will review desires and you can to make sure usage of hiki aanmelden of the studies. This access committee would be hit through

Funding: The research is actually funded by the a contribution away from Mr Hazewinkel so you’re able to the analysis College or university away from Behavioral and you can Cognitive Neurosciences and you will Prof G.J. ter Horst. Mr Hazewinkel didn’t come with role for the investigation build, study collection and studies, choice to create, or planning of your manuscript.


Stressful lifestyle-occurrences are believed becoming chance factors on the development of anxiety. Kendler mais aussi al. examined the interplay anywhere between tiring events, genetic predisposition and you will anxiety among people twins and found one one another inheritance and you can density of stressful occurrences led to the new start of depressive symptoms by themselves. Especially events with high perception, such as loss of an almost family member and you may separation, increased the probability of development an excellent depressive event, whilst the most people do not develop a great depressive occurrence pursuing the experience of a distressing experience. Which, browse concentrating on tiring and you may psychologically hurtful occurrences gives beneficial facts to the personal distinctions out-of fret-relevant coping in addition to results of stress and you can depression.